Can't finish your taxes? File for an extension instead
Didn't file a tax return on April 15? Make these moves NOW!

Most states also offer free online tax filing and paying

United States 50 state flags

Federal tax returns get most of the attention during the annual tax season. That's because Uncle Sam's individual income tax laws apply across the country.

But state taxes also are demanded of most Americans. And in most of the 43 states and District of Columbia that tax some type of individual earnings, April 15 also is the due date.

No individual income tax states: The only states with no personal income tax at all are Alaska, Florida, Nevada, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, and Wyoming.

Tax savvy readers probably noticed that the Evergreen State is not on that list. That's because while Washington State tax officials don't collect tax on wage income, the state now levies a capital gains tax on wealthier residents. So, technically, it's no longer a totally no-individual-income-tax state.

New Hampshire also doesn't tax wage income, but for now does impose a tax on individuals' dividends and interest earnings. That Granite Mountain State, however, is scheduled to go totally individual income tax free on Jan. 1, 2025.

State/U.S. filing deadlines: Most states with individual income taxes tend to be tied to our filings for Uncle Sam. In most cases, you need to finish your federal return first so you can use some of that information to complete your state (and, in some cases, more local jurisdiction) return.

Most of the states also follow the federal filing deadline, which this year is today, April 15. Five, however, don't. They are —

  • Hawai'i, which wants state flings by April 20;
  • Delaware and Iowa, with a tax deadline of April 30;
  • Virginia, with a May 1 tax due date; and
  • Louisiana, which has a May 15 filing deadline.

As with the federal Tax Day, when these states' not-April-15 due dates fall on a weekend or state holiday, they are moved to the next business day.

E-filing nationwide: Most states also are, like the Internal Revenue Service, going electronic as much as possible. They are requiring many tax filings, both individual and business, to be e-filed.

On Tax Day, most taxpayers nationwide use tax software to prepare and e-file their returns. Those with adjusted gross income of $79,000 or less can find a program this year at Free File, the no-cost online tax preparation and electronic filing program offered by the IRS and its Free File Alliance partners. For 2023 returns, eight tax software companies are participating.

At the strictly state level, most states offer free e-filing, either in partnership with private software manufacturers similar to or connect with Free File, or via their own Taxpayer Access Point, or TAP, portals.

This year, 12 states also are participating in the IRS' Direct File program. Where state taxes also must be filed, Direct File sends those taxpayers to state-supported tools where they submit their state tax returns.

Other levies online, too: While no-income-tax state residents don't have to worry about annual individual filings, their states do collect other levies. I know from personal experience, having lived most of my life in two such states, Texas and Florida, state officials always find some way to ding you.

That's why most of these states join their compatriots in collecting many of those other taxes and fees, such as payment of excise and sales taxes or business franchise tax fees, electronically.

Even some more local jurisdictions within states, like my local county tax assessor-collector who gets my property tax payments each year, allow and even encourage taxpayers to go online to those sites to take care of those obligations.

The Texas Comptroller's website has general property tax info and a link to my county tax office. Check your state's tax site to see if it has similar information about your local tax collectors' online accessibility.  

State tax data and payment options: Since all us taxpayers want to get our filings, federal and state, over as soon as possible it's easier to go with a tax return preparation and electronic filing option that consolidates them.

However, it doesn't hurt to check out all state preparation and e-filing possibilities, especially if you don't meet the federal free filing requirements.

Below as the state tax/revenue departments' online tax, both business and individual in some cases, that offer electronic options.

Alaska

Revenue Online

Alaska

Tax Division Online Services

Alabama

Online Filing

Arkansas

Online Filing Options

Arkansas

Other Electronic Filing Options

Arizona

Online Filing Options

California

CalFile Free Web Filing

California

Other Electronic Filing Options [income taxes]

Colorado

Online Filing

Connecticut

Online Filing

Connecticut

Other Electronic Filing Options

District of Columbia

Online Filing Options

District of Columbia

Other Electronic Filing Options

District of Columbia

Business E-Filing Options

Delaware

Online Filing Options

Florida

Electronic Filing/Payment Options

Georgia

Online Filing Options

Georgia

Georgia Tax Center

Hawai'i

Online Filing

Hawai'i

Other Electronic Filing Options

Iowa

Online Filing Options

Idaho

Online Filing Options

Illinois

Online Filing

Illinois

Other Electronic Filing Options [Individuals]

Illinois

Other Electronic Filing Options [Businesses]

Indiana

Online Filing Options

Kansas

Online Filing

Kansas

Other Electronic Filing Options

Kentucky

Online Filing Options

Louisiana

Online Filing

Louisiana

Other Electronic Filing Options

Massachusetts

Online Filing

Maryland

Online Filing

Maryland

Other Electronic Filing Options

Maine

Online Filing

Maine

Other Electronic Filing Options

Michigan

Online Filing Options

Michigan

Other Electronic Filing Options

Minnesota

Online Filing

Minnesota

Business e-Services

Missouri

Online Filing

Missouri

Other Electronic Services

Montana

Online Filing

Montana

Other Electronic Services

North Carolina

Electronic Filing Options

North Carolina

Other Electronic Services

North Dakota

Online Filing

North Dakota

Online Filing

Nebraska

Online Filing

Nebraska

Other Electronic Services

New Hampshire

Online Filing

New Jersey

Online Filing

New Jersey

Other Electronic Services

New Mexico

Online Filing

New Mexico

Other Electronic Services

Nevada

Online Electronic Filing Options

New York

Online Filing

New York

Other Electronic Services

Ohio

Online Filing

Ohio

Other Electronic Services

Oklahoma

Online Filing

Oklahoma

Other Electronic Services

Oregon

Online Filing

Oregon

Other Electronic Services

Pennsylvania

Online Filing

Pennsylvania

Other Electronic Services

Rhode Island

Online Filing

Rhode Island

Other Electronic Services

South Carolina

Online Filing

South Carolina

Other Electronic Services

Tennessee

Online Filing

Texas

Online Filing Options

Texas

Other Electronic Services

Utah

Online Filing

Virginia

Online Filing

Virginia

Business Electronic Filing

Vermont

Online Filing

Washington

Capital Gains FAQs and Online Filing

Washington

Online Business Tax Resources

Wisconsin

Online Filing

West Virginia

Online Filing

Wyoming

Online Services

If you just want other tax information for your state, this state tax department directory has links to those home pages.

Finally, remember that if you can't get your federal or state returns finished by midnight today, you can get an extension. Just file that federal Form 4868 by today to get six more months to file.

Once you do that, most states automatically also give you until Oct. 15 to finish up those forms, too. But not all. So double check with your state tax officials.

 

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