5 tax tips for the next Powerball millionaire
Tuesday, March 26, 2019
UPDATE, Thursday, March 28: Well, I'm not the new Powerball multimillionaire. The lottery jackpot, which hit $768.4 million before the drawing last night, is going to the lucky person who bought the winning ticket in New Berlin, Wisconsin. But save this post. There will be other chances to win!
Yes, I bought a ticket for the March 27 drawing of the $750 million and counting Powerball lottery.
Yes, I know the odds of winning the jackpot, which is the fourth largest Powerball prize in U.S. history, are about 1 in 292 million.
I know many of my hardcore personal financial colleagues chide all of us handing over, in all likelihood, money for nothing but a slip of paper. But hope spring eternal when just a couple of bucks could make all your financial woes disappear.
If, however, I — or you or many of us; hey, I'm willing to share! — do see our lucky numbers pop up tomorrow night, we need to be ready.
So here are 5 quick tax tips for lottery and other prize and/or gambling winners on how to deal with your new and sudden wealth.
1. Hire or at least consult a tax professional.
By now, everyone is well aware that lottery jackpots mean big winnings for the tax man, too. A tax pro will be able to give you an overview of the myriad tax issues you'll face at the federal and your state and local levels.
Regardless of how you receive your winnings (more on this in tip #2), Uncle Sam will get his cut up front. At the federal level, taxes on lottery winnings of more than $5,000 are withheld automatically at the 24 percent rate.
Similar withholding also might be handed over to your state tax collector if you don't live in a state, like my native Texas, without an income tax.
Even if you do usually pay state taxes, some states have special tax rules for lottery winnings, ranging from lower rates to no taxes on resident winners.
Your tax adviser, and you should hire/consult him or her before you go collect your winnings, can help you maneuver the immediate tax matters, as well as advise you on the next tax steps a sudden millionaire must think about.
2. Decide how you want your money.
The smart-ass answer is "as soon as possible." But that's not necessarily the smart answer.
Depending on where you live, you'll have time, possibly months, to decide whether to get your winnings at once in a lump sum — around $465.5 million, of which about $111.7 million will be immediately withheld in federal taxes, bringing the amount down to almost $354 million — or as 30 annuity payments over 29 years (the first payment is immediate).
Your tax pro can help you break out the tax costs of the choices.
The advantage of taking a lump sum is you get all the money at once. The disadvantage of taking a lump sum is that you must pay tax on the entire amount in one tax year.
The advantage of an annuity is that you're taxed only as you receive the payments. The disadvantage of an annuity is you only get a few million a year. OK, not really a disadvantage, but you know what I mean.
You also don't have any control with an annuity over how the winnings might grow. Compare the effective yield of the annuity with what you could earn by taking the money at once, paying the taxes and then investing the proceeds on your own.
You also need to do a little economic and political prognosticating. The current top federal individual ordinary income tax rate is, thanks to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) is 37 percent. Plus, there's the 3.8 percent net investment income tax that's tacked on to earnings by wealthy taxpayers, of which you'll be a part.
The current federal top individual tax is in effect through tax year 2025. After that, it could go back up to the previous high of 39.6 percent. Or depending on the outcomes of intervening elections, it could hold steady or be cut some more.
Similarly, you need to think about what your current state tax liability is and might be in the future.
That's a lot to consider, which brings us to tip #3.
3. Pick a team of financial and legal advisers.
Regardless of how you take the winnings, you're probably going to be in the highest tax bracket for a while. Your tax pro, as well as an investment adviser, accountant and attorney can help you sort through the financial and legal intricacies of dealing with such a large amount of money.
There are ways to legally shelter your income, but typically they are complex. That's why the rich hire the best and brightest advisers to maneuver through the financial and tax rules and regulations.
You're part of that wealthy club now, so use some of your winnings to hire experienced financial professionals to help safeguard your membership.
4. Carefully consider gifts.
With all that new disposable income, you'll probably want to share the wealth. Good for you.
The gifts likely will include funds for charities as well as to friends and family.
If you want to give to your favorite IRS-approved nonprofit, talk with the charity first. While it will definitely be grateful for the financial help, getting a huge gift also could pose some planning issues for the organization.
Charitable gifts survived the TCJA changes. They are still tax deductible if you itemize and the new tax law even allows donors to give up to 60 percent of their adjusted gross income (AGI). Previously, the limit for gifts to public charities was 50 percent of the philanthropist's AGI.
But don't just show up with a big check. Work with the group, again through your financial advice team, to set up a giving strategy that helps the charity and does your financial and tax plan some good, too. Again, your tax adviser can suggest options, such as establishing an endowment for your favorite nonprofit or a donor advised fund, that work best for your new tax and financial situation, as well as the charities with which you want to share your new wealth.
As for your family and friends, make sure you know what effect such a gift could have on them and you. True, gifts are never taxable to the recipient, but when you give more than the annual gift exclusion amount — which is $15,000 this year — then you have some tax paperwork to complete.
Also, note that an extravagant gift, however well-intentioned, could have additional financial obligations that the recipient isn't prepared to meet.
An expensive car means higher auto insurance costs. A high-dollar home also will have more operating and maintenance costs, as well as an equally high property tax rate that the new homeowner might not be able to meet year after year.
And don't forget the ultimate gift, bequests to heirs. Again, your financial dream team can help you work through the considerations of what will happen to your money once you're gone.
The TCJA has greatly increased the federal estate tax exemption. Currently, heirs can leave a tax-free estate of up to $11.4 million, twice that for a married couple. It's also adjusted annually for inflation, so by the time this is a consideration, more of your estate could be free from the 40 percent federal estate tax.
This larger exemption is in place through 2025, unless political changes on Capitol Hill produce other tax changes. Again, another good reason to have a tax pro to help you track expected adjustments as well as any large-scale revisions.
A handful of states also collect an estate tax. A couple have inheritance taxes, too, so include that possibility in your bequests.
5. Add up your gambling losses.
OK, we're just a quarter through the year so unless you have a major gambling problem, you probably don't have many gambling losses yet.
And realistically, if your Powerball numbers come up tomorrow night, you'll never accumulate enough in losing bets to make a dent in your taxes due on the jackpot.
But for the rest of us casual gamblers who occasionally drop a few dollars on lottery tickets or other games of chance, our relatively meager winnings might be offset by our many more gambling losses.
While the TCJA made a lot of changes to the Internal Revenue Code, one tax break of interest to bettors remains. You still can deduct your gambling losses against any winnings as an itemized deduction on Schedule A.
The key, as with all things tax, is to keep track of your gambling wins and losses throughout the year. Your losses can offset your winnings, but not create a gambling loss.
For most of us with a few bucks riding on Powerball this week or the next time it or its national counterpart Mega Millions get too big to resist taking a chance, our lottery tickets will go into our gambling loss folder.
But you never know.
Good luck to us all!
You also might find these items of interest:
- Don't get into lottery tax trouble
- How to report your gambling winnings to the IRS
- Professional gamblers' deductions narrowed a bit under new tax law
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